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entries tagged with: Rabbi Jack Bemporad

 

Reality check: Konrad Adenauer Foundation brings Muslim leaders to Holocaust sites

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Visiting Dachau last month are Dr. Norbert Wagner, Rabbi Jack Bemporad, Imam Syed Naqvi, Nasreen Bedat, Special Envoy Hannah S. Rosenthal, Sheik Yasir Qadhi, Imam Abdullah Antepli, Imam Suhaib Webb (behind Antepli), Dr. Syed Syeed, Imam Muhammad Maged, Imam Muzammil Siddiqi, Suhail A. Khan, and Prof. Marshall Breger. Photos Courtesy Center for Interreligious Understanding

Rabbi Jack Bemporad wants it known that the visit he organized of eight Muslim-American leaders to concentration camps was a historic success.

Bemporad, director of the Carlstadt-based Center for Interreligious Understanding, called the Aug. 7 to 11 trip to Auschwitz in Poland and Dachau in Germany “a breakthrough in many respects, because … we took imams like [Yasir] Qadhi, for example,” who 10 years ago called the Holocaust a hoax. (Bemporad led the trip, which was sponsored by the Konrad Adenauer Foundation, with Prof. Marshall Breger of the Catholic University of America.)

“The problem is,” said Bemporad, an Englewood resident, that “many imams came out of Saudi Arabia and Egypt because that’s where they get their education. That’s very unfortunate. The education they get is in many ways based on The Protocols of the Elders of Zion,” he explained. “The single greatest instrument of anti-Semitism and anti-Israelism in the world today, it gives the erroneous view that the Jews are a devilish group that wants to control the world by dominating the press, economies,” and so forth.

One reason that proven fraud is invoked, he said, “is to diminish the significance of the Holocaust. The whole point is to show that the Holocaust was an invention to take Israel and have a beachhead in the Middle East that should really be Muslim.

“The best way to convince people of a reality they are not sure of is to expose them to that reality in a way that is undeniable.”

Thus, he said, even “many who accepted the Holocaust never had a sense of the reality and the totality of it. As a result practically all of us were in tears or broke down” at the concentration camps.

“The main point,” said Bemporad, “is that … they are using this experience in their services and talking to their people — that’s talking about tens of thousands of people.”

Also, he said, “They want Jews to speak in mosques about this reality so they can unite with us to condemn anti-Semitism in all its forms.”

Meanwhile, a rumor swirled around the blogosphere, and was discussed at sites like Politico and Salon, that Abraham Foxman, the national director of the Anti-Defamation League, had lobbied against the trip. That, together with the ADL’s recent opposition to the planned mosque at Ground Zero, fueled speculations that he, the defender of bias against Jews, was biased against Muslims.

But Foxman told The Jewish Standard on Tuesday that there had been “a lot of noise and not so much light…. Nobody bothers to check the facts anymore,” he complained. “All of a sudden you will read [an allegation] in God knows how many places as a fact.”

What he did, he told the Standard, was question the participation of Hannah Rosenthal, the State Department’s anti-Semitism envoy. He said he had “shared with her a concern” about the appropriateness of a government representative’s joining a private mission. “Unfortunately,” he said, “it didn’t stay there and took on a life of its own.”

He had “no problem with [the Muslim leaders] going” on the trip, he said, adding, “I welcome the fact that they returned with the statement that they did.”

 
 

Iman trip to Nazi camps spurs project to fight religious hate speech

Just weeks after returning from unprecedented investigation of Nazi-era death camps, American Jewish and Muslim interfaith activists have announced their intent to form a national organization aimed at combating religious hate speech in all of its forms.

During a Capitol Hill briefing on Sept. 22 — in which several D.C.-area Muslim leaders reported to lawmakers about the recent educational trip they took to Auschwitz and Dachau — the Muslim and Jewish activists vowed to join forces in an effort to battle anti-Semitic and Islamaphobic rhetoric that they say too often imbues contentious national political debates.

The yet-to-be-named project will “set up a structure that would give” moderate Muslim leaders “a megaphone” from which to denounce extremism, said Rabbi Jack Bemporad, director of the Carlstadt-based Center for Interreligious Understanding. A lead organizer of the group, he also helped plan the August trip to Auschwitz and Dachau.

The interfaith activists also will work to prevent the proliferation of the Protocols of the Elders of Zion, an anti-Semitic tract that is easily procured in the Muslim world and many Muslim American communities.

The group’s other core organizers — who also were present at the Capitol Hill briefing — include Marshall Breger, an Orthodox Jew who is a law professor at Catholic University in Washington; Sayyid Syeed, national director for the Islamic Society of North America’s Office of Interfaith and Community Alliances; and Mohamed Magid, imam and executive director of the ADAMS Center (All Dulles Area Muslim Society).

Members of the group were scheduled to gather in the District for their first formal meeting on Tuesday, and, following that, to hold a briefing at the National Press Club in Washington. Organizers said they eventually aim to bring Christian leaders into the project as well.

The effort comes as Jewish groups, including the Anti-Defamation League and the Reform movement, have independently stepped up efforts to combat anti-Muslim bigotry.

Syeed said the group represents a natural evolution in the growing relationship between the American Muslim and Jewish communities.

Syeed also recalled that after returning to America following the trip to Auschwitz, he was greeted by a vitriolic national debate surrounding the proposed Muslim community center located several blocks from Ground Zero in New York City.

“This has been a difficult time” for Muslims, as many Americans are gripped by Islamaphobia, Syeed said, adding that as the mosque debate intensified, “we noticed that the Jewish community has come forward and been the most public supporters of the mosque.”

The new interfaith effort, he added, is a byproduct of this relationship.

Bemporad noted that the seeds of the group were sown as debate around the Muslim community center intensified.

“I see similar patterns in the way Muslims are being treated to the way Jews and even Catholics” have been treated at earlier times in America’s history, he said.

Added Suhail Khan, another lead organizer of the group and senior fellow at the Institute for Global Engagement: “Rather than holding hands and singing Kumbaya,” the group will “bring people together to be the responsible adults in the room” by addressing controversial issues that can adequately be addressed by the religious community.

Washington Jewish Week

 
 

We name the newsmakers of 2010

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A torrential storm brought down trees and power lines across Bergen County in March and claimed the lives of Ovadia Mussaffi and Lawrence Krause.

Sixteen years ago, facing the usual slow week at the first of the secular year, The Jewish Standard created what has turned into an enduring feature: naming the newsmakers of the year just passed (or, in this case, just passing).

This has been a challenging year, punctuated by an earthquake and storms as well as the continuing harsh winds of the recession. But we have also seen the community rising to meet those challenges in creative as well as tried-and-true ways.

We continue in what has become a tradition by stating our standards:

What makes a newsmaker? Philanthropy? Maybe, but also creative use of resources. Tragedy? Yes, but also survival. Personal accomplishments? Yes, but also efforts on behalf of others. Scholarship? Yes, but also originality. Political daring? Yes, but also political dealing.

The Standard, all those years ago, seeking not to judge but to inform, established a set of criteria, any one of which might land someone on the list.

• First, newsmakers must come from or have links to this region and have done something newsworthy, for good or ill.

• Second, they may have strongly stirred the community’s interest and/or emotions.

• Third, they may have brought an issue to the public’s attention.

• Fourth, they may have compelled or challenged the public to re-examine its beliefs and/or behavior.

• Fifth, they may have prompted a course of action.

This year, we’ve enlarged our scope beyond the Jewish community. We award the top spot on the list to the “heroes of Haiti,” local doctors, Jewish or not, who gave their time and expertise in the devastation following the January earthquake there.

We name and celebrate those doctors whose efforts we’ve chronicled: Alan Gwertzman, Timothy Finley, Howard Zucker, Joshua Hyman, and Thomas Bojko. (Many of these are connected to Holy Name Medical Center in Teaneck and Englewood Hospital and Medical Center.)

We also cite the many unnamed medical personnel from this area who have worked to heal the still-wounded nation and its people. (And we note that Israel has maintained a virtually constant medical presence in Haiti and that Teaneck attorney Sam Davis, the founding director of Burn Advocates Network, expanded its reach, starting a physical and occupational therapy clinic there as well as arranging for medical equipment and recruiting doctors to man the clinic.)

Libya is again cracking our newsmakers list. The African country burst onto the list in 2009 when its leader, Muammar Kaddafi, was reportedly planning to stay at a Libya-owned mansion in Englewood during the opening of the U.N. General Assembly. After protests led by the mansion’s neighbor, Rabbi Shmuley Boteach, Kaddafi announced he would stay in New York. Libya’s ambassador to the United Nations, however, soon moved in.

In 2010, Libya made the list again, first because of its election to the U.N. Human Rights Council, and second because of the controversy surrounding Abdel Baset al-Megrahi, the sole conspirator convicted in the bombing of Pan Am Flight 103 over Lockerbie, Scotland, which resulted in the deaths of 278 people, including 38 from New Jersey. He was released from prison last year on humanitarian grounds because doctors estimated he had only months to live after being diagnosed with stomach cancer. He has outlived those expectations, angering advocates of the Lockerbie victims who alleged that Great Britain freed al-Megrahi because of pressure from BP for an oil deal.

Recently released cables from WikiLeaks appeared to confirm suspicions that Libya had threatened Great Britain economically if Scotland did not release al-Megrahi.

New Jersey’s U.S. senators, Frank Lautenberg and Robert Menendez, have repeatedly called for investigations into the circumstances of al-Megrahi’s release. With the WikiLeaks revelation, the issue is more than likely to continue into 2011.

Rep. Steve Rothman (D-9), who sits on three appropriations subcommittees, has been a staunch ally of Israel in the House of Representatives. A former chair of the Jewish Community Relations Council of the precursor to UJA Federation of Northern New Jersey, Rothman has always been vocal about his support for the Jewish state, which has translated into numerous votes for military appropriations for Israel.

After the Mavi Marmara affair in June, Rothman came out firmly in support of Israel’s actions, telling the Standard that, “There is some regret over the loss of life, notwithstanding the fact that those killed were almost certainly armed and well-trained jihadists bent on provoking Israel’s violent reaction and creating an international episode.”

Rothman also got into a proverbial spitting match earlier this year with Boteach, who alleged that the congressman did not do enough to keep the Libyan U.N. ambassador out of the mansion next to Boteach’s home. Rothman maintained that the original agreement from the 1980s, when Libya bought the mansion and Rothman was mayor of Englewood, decreed that the U.N. ambassador could use the home, although details were murky. This policy, Rothman said, had been agreed to by the State Department and there was therefore nothing he or the United States could do — particularly since Libya and the United States have since normalized relations — to prevent the ambassador from using the house.

Boteach also accused Rothman of being an apologist for President Obama’s policies, which many have regarded as being not in Israel’s favor. Rothman has on several occasions praised Obama for being what he called the most supportive president of military cooperation with Israel in U.S. history.

Earlier this year, the House Appropriations Defense Subcommittee appropriated $217.7 million — the highest amount on record, according to Washington sources — in funding for joint U.S.-Israel missile defense programs, and according to Rothman, the Defense Subcommittee has allocated more than $750 million in federal funds for the Arrow and David’s Sling anti-missile systems since 2007.

Recently, Rothman voted for the inclusion of more than $200 million for Israel’s Iron Dome missile defense program in a congressional spending bill. The funds were later removed by the Senate (see story, page 8).

Rothman was also a signatory to a letter to Obama calling for clemency for convicted spy Jonathan Pollard. In November’s elections, Rothman won his eighth term in the House.

The weather made news this year. In March, a storm we called “an ill wind” left thousands of people without power and toppled trees. Two Teaneck men, Ovadia Mussaffi, 54, and Lawrence Krause, 49, were killed by a falling tree as they walked home from Shaarei Orah, the Sephardic congregation, after Shabbat. (The shul, by the way, which meets in a private home, broke ground for a building in November.) Both men were described as friendly, sweet, and generous. Their friends and family — indeed, the whole community — were devastated by the loss.

The Standard asked a number of local rabbis to share their thoughts about the tragedy. For their answers, go to www.jstandard.com/index.php/content/item/12658.

Of local Jewish institutions, the Kaplen JCC on the Palisades in Tenafly was hardest hit by the storm and had to close, but it was up and running in a few days. People thronged it, said its executive director, Avi Lewinson, because they had “cabin fever and wanted to be able to do something.”

And, of course, we’ve all been affected by this weekend’s blizzard. All the schools, day and public, were closed on Monday, as were many, if not most, offices. As of Tuesday, we were still digging out from under mountains of snow.

The New Jersey Legislature passed a bill in January that toughened fines for drivers who fail to yield to pedestrians. The bill, signed by Gov. Jon Corzine in one of his final acts in office, was spurred by the crusade for pedestrian safety, and against drivers who talk on their cell phones, of Andrea DeVries of Paramus, whose son, Daniel, was killed in a pedestrian crosswalk on Mother’s Day 2008 by a driver who, witnesses said, was talking on his cell phone.

During a legislative breakfast at DeVries’ synagogue, Temple Avodat Shalom in River Edge, she met Assemblywoman Connie Wagner (D-37), who invited her to testify before the Assembly.

“It made that bill [to toughen fines] come to life [and made us understand] that we had to do something more, that this is a problem,” Wagner said of the testimony after Corzine signed the bill into law. “[DeVries] has so much courage to tell this story and to repeat this story and to try to promote pedestrian safety.”

The new law increases the fine of $100 to $500 if a victim is seriously injured as a result of the driver’s failure to yield. It also increases the maximum jail time from 15 to 25 days.

For DeVries, though, the new bill does not go far enough. She wants to see mandatory drug and alcohol testing and a check of cell-phone records for every driver who kills a pedestrian. This law, she told the Standard, is just “a baby step.”

At the corner of Palisade Avenue and Cedar Lane in Teaneck stands a tree that, at more than 80 feet, is the fourth largest red oak in the state, according to the New Jersey Division of Parks and Forestry. That tree, which is also estimated to be more than 200 years old, was at the center of a summer fight between the Union for Traditional Judaism and preservationists.

The tree sits on the corner of the property belonging to the UTJ, which declared bankruptcy earlier this year. In July, UTJ leaders decided to remove the tree, citing safety concerns that were corroborated by an arborist the union had hired. Protests erupted around town as environmentalists, as well as state Sen. Loretta Weinberg (D-37), sought to preserve the tree; two other arborists hired by Teaneck reported that the tree could, in fact, be preserved.

The matter soon ended up before the Teaneck Township Council, where protesters vainly demanded that the township block the tree’s removal by buying the property. Protesters alleged that UTJ wanted to tear down the tree only to increase the value of the land, while UTJ’s leaders and bankruptcy attorney argued that safety of passersby was the paramount concern.

In August, 333 Realty, a real estate development agency, won a bankruptcy auction for the property for $1.4 million. The company soon rescinded its original offer, in light of publicity surrounding the tree, and negotiated a lower price with UTJ. Before the bankruptcy court could approve the new price, however, the property legally had to go back to auction.

The Puffin Foundation also stepped into the picture with an offer of a $200,000 grant to help the new property owners preserve the tree. But 333 Realty would not exceed its new offer of $1.2 million and Netivot Shalom, a modern Orthodox congregation that meets in the UTJ building, won the October auction.

UTJ and its sister organization, the Institution of Traditional Judaism, have since moved to a new location on American Legion Drive in Teaneck, while Netivot Shalom plans to expand its programming in the building and preserve the tree.

Rabbi Jack Bemporad, a frequent Jewish Standard newsmaker, made this year’s list by bringing a group of imams and other U.S. Muslim leaders to concentration camp sites.

An Englewood resident who is director of the Carlstadt-based Center for Interreligious Understanding, Bemporad called the Aug. 7 to 11 trip to Auschwitz in Poland and Dachau in Germany “a breakthrough in many respects, because … we took imams like [Yasir] Qadhi, for example,” who 10 years ago called the Holocaust a hoax. (Bemporad led the trip, which was sponsored by the Konrad Adenauer Foundation, with Prof. Marshall Breger of the Catholic University of America.)

“The main point,” he said, “is that … they are using this experience in their services and talking to their people — that’s talking about tens of thousands of people.” He added, “They want Jews to speak in mosques about this reality so they can unite with us to condemn anti-Semitism in all its forms.”

Rabbi Nathaniel Helfgot has very specific ideas about how the Jewish community should treat people who are homosexual. In July, he released his “Statement of Principles on the Place of Jews with a Homosexual Orientation in Our Community,” which called for compassion and respect. The statement has received more than 140 signatures from Orthodox rabbis, educators, and mental health professionals from around North America, including several from North Jersey.

“For years we have spoken with other friends in the rabbinate and in Jewish education about the growing recognition that they have had students who later came out as homosexuals,” Helfgot told the Standard in July. “We also have had friends, here and there, who came out and know parents who struggle with this with their children.”

“We kicked around the reality of this and the question of what the community, synagogue, and schools should be doing to affirm what we believe in terms of Jewish law [while also asking] ‘Is there a place for these people to be within our community? Is it simply either/or?’”

According to the statement’s preamble, “Embarrassing, harassing, or demeaning someone with a homosexual orientation or same-sex attraction is a violation of Torah prohibitions that embody the deepest values of Judaism.

“The question of whether sexual orientation is primarily genetic, or rather environmentally generated, is irrelevant to our obligation to treat human beings with same-sex attractions and orientations with dignity and respect.

“We affirm the religious right of those with a homosexual orientation to reject therapeutic approaches they reasonably see as useless or dangerous.”

Helfgot is now religious leader of Cong. Netivot Shalom in Teaneck.

To read the full statement, visit www.jstandard.com/index.php/content/item/14319.

Since the suicide of Rutgers student Tyler Clementi, the issue of bullying has grabbed headlines. After hearing testimony from bullying victims, the New Jersey Legislature recently passed the so-called Anti-Bullying Bill of Rights, which will tighten penalties for bullies in public schools, require better reporting of bullying in public schools, and, its sponsors hoped, deal a massive blow to the entire bullying phenomenon in the school system.

State. Sen. Loretta Weinberg (D-37) spearheaded the legislation in the Senate, while Assemblywoman Valerie Vainieri Huttle (D-37) championed it in the Assembly. Etzion Neuer, director of the Anti-Defamation League’s New Jersey office, helped arrange some of the testimony that ultimately convinced legislators to pass the bill.

Neuer was also a member of the New Jersey Commission on Bullying in the Schools, whose 2009 report provided the impetus for the new legislation.

While the bill was moving forward before Clementi’s death, the incident reinforced for some legislators why such legislation was needed.

Parents of day-school students continue to gripe about the high bills they must pay for their children to get private Jewish and secular education. These bills can reach higher than $50,000 per student, not including extra fees, building funds, and books. In 2009, a group of local rabbis, educators, and parents created Jewish Education for Generations to tackle the so-called tuition crisis. Its first project, Northern New Jersey Kehillot Investing in Day Schools, aka the kehilla fund, has in its second year distributed hundreds of thousands of scholarship dollars to eight area day schools, Orthodox and Conservative, based on student populations from within the catchment area of UJA Federation of Northern New Jersey.

According to the organization’s leaders, NNJKIDS’ mission is to change the communal mindset by shifting the burden of tuition from the parents to the community.

In 2009 the kehillah fund distributed almost $200,000 to the schools and in 2010, fund-raisers collected and distributed $525,000. JEFG leaders declared May to be NNJKIDS Month and pushed collections in Jewish businesses throughout the area, and organizers are planning to hold another NNJKIDS Month in May or June.

NNJKIDS has formed partnerships with the Avi Chai Foundation, Yeshiva University, the Jewish Theological Seminary, UJA-NNJ, and northern New Jersey Orthodox and Conservative synagogues.

“NNJKIDS was never meant just to raise money,” said Gershon Distenfeld, NNJKIDS’ treasurer. “It’s about a way to get the schools together to pursue a range of initiatives, and that work continues.”

The distributions remain small, but North Jersey’s day schools reported that tuition rates for the 2010-11 school year were mitigated by at least $200 per student because of the donations.

For information about the fund, visit www.nnjkids.org.

So many young people in this community did noteworthy things this year — including winning prestigious contests and organizing drives for this or that cause — that it is impossible to list them all. (As Garrison Keillor says of the mythical Lake Wobegon, “All the children are above average.”) But the deeds of two, in particular, fit criterion No. 5: “They may have prompted a course of action”: In October, 21-year-old Ari Sapin donated bone marrow to a 29-year-old man with leukemia, a selfless act that may inspire others to sign up for the Gift of Life Bone Marrow Foundation (http://www.giftoflife.org).

Another Ari, Ari Hagler of Bergenfield, used his Dec. 10 bar mitzvah to launch Shabbat Gilad as a way to call attention to the continuing plight of captured Israeli soldier Gilad Shalit.

Close to 150 shuls, schools, youth groups, and Jewish centers participated from all over the United States as well as from Israel, Canada, and Australia. For the list of participants, go to www.shabbatgilad.com. Let’s hope that Shalit will be freed in 2011 and there’ll be no need to name another Shabbat for him.

The Jewish Standard itself made news in 2010, sparked by a same-sex marriage announcement. After conversations with some members of the community who strongly opposed the move, the paper issued an apology and pledged not to publish such announcements again.

But then a media deluge began — people from near and far wrote and called in support of or against such announcements, and the paper has been revisiting its policy. We have published thoughtful op-ed pieces on same-sex marriage from across the Jewish spectrum and have met with leading representatives of communal organizations such as the Rabbinical Council of Bergen County, which is Orthodox; the North Jersey Board of Rabbis, which is composed of Conservative, Reform, and Reconstructionist rabbis; and with Jewish Queer Youth, a gay Orthodox group.

This has indeed been a “teachable moment,” and people across the area have been listening and talking to one another as never before about what it really means to be a diverse Jewish community. We have been listening as well, and will continue searching for a way to serve all segments of our community until we get it right.

 
 

Rabbi remembers beatified pope

Rabbi Jack Bemporad of Englewood recalls that in 2005, when Pope John Paul II was ailing, he and a group of other clergy surrounded the frail pope.

“We said, ‘Would you mind if we say a prayer?’ and [the pope] said, ‘That would be wonderful,’’” Bemporad recalled in an interview Monday with the Jewish Standard.

Continuing his recollection, Bemporad added, “We said, ‘How about the priestly blessing [from the Book of Numbers]?’”

The pope agreed, whereupon the group surrounded and blessed him.

“He was very sick, but you could see in his eyes he was at home,” Bemporad recalled.

Bemporad, 77, is the primary author of the historic Prague Accord, which marked the first time the Vatican asked for forgiveness for acts of anti-Semitism. Bemporad met eight times with John Paul II, who was beatified last Sunday before an estimated 1 million worshippers at the Vatican.

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Rabbi Jack Bemporad jerry Szubin

He considers the late pope to have been extraordinarily dedicated to outreach to people of other faiths, and feels he had a unique connection to Jewish people.

Bemporad has served as director of the Center for Interreligious Understanding in Carlstadt for many years and is also director of the Pope John Paul II Center for Interreligious Dialogue in Rome.

“In 1990,” Bemporad recalled, “two or three of us [rabbis] were meeting with [the pope] and he said the whole intellectual life of Poland [had been] Jewish before the Holocaust.” In particular, Bemporad added, the murder of his “teachers, some of whom were Jews, left him so upset that he resolved if he could do something about improving [Catholic-Jewish relations], he would.”

The issue of anti-Semitism in church doctrine was on his own mind, Bemporad recalls, during his early contacts with the Vatican, and helped to spur his career as an advocate of interfaith dialogue.

Bemporad’s first meeting there took place in 1960 when, as a newly ordained Reform rabbi and Fulbright fellow, he met with Pope John XXIII to discuss hunger issues.

Bemporad says he asked that pontiff about the Church’s role in the destruction of European Jewry, specifically certain religious teachings regarding Jews.

“I went there with the mentality most Jews have — somewhat hostile,” said Bemporad. “He actually indicated he’d do something.”

During the years that followed, John XXIII did initiate some changes to church doctrine, including striking the word “perfidious” from the Good Friday service (The word had preceded the word “Jews” and meant “without faith,” according to Bemporad.) Pope John XXIII also instituted the Vatican Council, commonly known as ‘Vatican II,’ to reconsider attitudes toward non-Christians and bring the Church up to date in other areas.

But it was Pope John Paul II, Bemporad points out, who is credited with being the first pope to enter a synagogue as well as with authorizing a representative of the Church to apologize for the role it played in fomenting anti-Semitism.

“One thing that characterized this pope was his outreach to the world,” Bemporad told the Standard. “So as a result, maybe it was not unusual you had one and a half million people attending the beatification, and four million people attending his funeral.”

Bemporad added that wherever John Paul II traveled “he made a point of meeting with the organized Jewish community.”

True progress in interfaith understanding requires mutuality, Bemporad believes — something he thinks Pope John Paul II put into practice. “It’s true there was a great deal of anti-Semitism [in the Catholic Church], but there was also the opposite,” said Bemporad. “It made me understand how important interfaith understanding is.”

Regarding the suitability of John Paul II’s beatification, which is a step on the path toward Catholic sainthood, Bemporad said that because he is not a Catholic, he cannot comment.

“Why certain individuals are beatified is strictly a Catholic issue,” he said. “We [Jews] don’t have saints so we don’t understand it.”

Bemporad added, “He seemed like a godly person.”

On a lighter note, Bemporad shared a story about how, following the pope’s historic visit to a synagogue in 1986, while Bemporad was serving as the president of Temple Israel in Lawrence, Long Island, the middle-aged synagogue president informed Bemporad he had received a chemistry set from his elderly mother.

“His mother told him, ‘Remember when you were a boy, how you wanted a chemistry set?’” Bemporad recalled. “The man said ‘Yes, but I’m a grown man, and this is for a 10-year-old.’ His mother said, ‘I always told you, ‘You’ll get a chemistry set when the pope goes to shul.’”

 
 

This Jack masters trades

Chavurah honors Bemporad at gala

Jeanette FriedmanLocal
Published: 25 November 2011

Rabbi Jack Bemporad begins his day very early by listening to the music of Johann Sebastian Bach, then reading from his beloved prophets and going from them to Plato. This soothes his soul, he says, and prepares him for his long and full days. Bemporad is senior rabbinical scholar at the 20-year-old Chavurah Beth Shalom in Alpine, which honored him at a gala held at the Clinton Inn on Nov. 16. Also honored was the congregation’s founding rabbi and cantor, Rabbi Nat Benjamin. The event was attended by more than 150 people.

If listening to Bach and reading the words of prophets and philosophers sounds as though Bemporad lives in the past, he does not. He upgrades his “communications gadgets” regularly and reads The Financial Times and Ha’aretz, although he admits that he has no patience for TV news. His duties run the gamut from serving his congregation, to traveling around the globe looking for ways to bring peace through interfaith dialogue, to teaching Dominican priests in the Vatican about Judaism.

The chavurah, which today has a membership of over 230 families, was founded in 1991 with the support of Angelica and Russ Berrie. Bemporad’s Saturday morning Bible classes are one of its popular and most enduring features, filled each week with eager adult students who are encouraged to debate and question the text.

The chavurah is an important part of Bemporad’s life because he sees it as a vehicle to help transform the Jewish lives of others. As he explains in an article on its website, “Jewish communities in the western world are at the forefront of secularism, and though Jews today may not deny their Jewish roots and identity, they do not view their Judaism as an essential or central element in their lives.

“This must change, and it can only change if we strive to ask and answer a different question than has been asked and answered throughout Jewish history. That question was: How can I be Jewish? That is, how can I learn about and practice the Jewish religion. Today we must ask and answer a different question: Why must I be Jewish…?

“Our chavurah is dedicated to teaching a set of values that will be a guide and a resource for life so that Judaism becomes what they want to adopt and have compelling reasons for why they should be Jews.” (See box below.)

As important as the chavurah is to him, however, interfaith work is his predominant concern.

His family fled Italy when the Nazis and their collaborators began overrunning Europe. Bemporad was 5 when the family arrived in New York. That experience and the early years of his life in the New World helped shape the person he became.

“Because I was a victim of anti-Semitism,” he said in an interview, “I saw the possibilities in interfaith dialogue and chose to largely concentrate on that. I had seen and suffered from what happened to my family as a result of hatreds that had roots in centuries of religious teaching, so it became important for me to deal with one of the greatest causes of anti-Semitism.”

The churches, Bemporad said, may not have been directly responsible for czarist pogroms or for the Shoah, “but they set the atmosphere of contempt, making it possible for horrible regimes to act with impunity.”

For that reason, Bemporad said, “I decided to devote my efforts to try to prevent what happened to me from happening to others.”

In 1959, as a newly ordained Reform rabbi, Bemporad joined with other community leaders in an audience with Pope John XXIII to discuss world hunger. When the pope, who was Italian, heard the name Bemporad, he asked if the rabbi had a relative who had been a partisan battling Mussolini and his Fascists. It was his uncle, Bemporad said, prompting John XXIII to invite Bemporad to meet with him in private. During their talk, the rabbi raised the issue of Rome’s accountability for the rabid anti-Semitism that made it easier to carry out the Shoah.

The pope convinced Bemporad that he was both aware of the problem and seeking solutions. Shortly after that meeting, John XXIII instructed Augustin Cardinal Bea to draft a “Decree on the Jews” that led a few years later to the issuing of Nostre Aetate (“In Our Time”), which dramatically changed Catholic doctrine vis-à-vis the Jewish people. (John XXIII had died by then; his successor, Paul VI, proclaimed the changes.)

During the 1960s especially, Bemporad was actively engaged in interfaith work on behalf of the now-defunct Synagogue Council of America. To continue that work, he founded and is the director of the Center for Interreligious Understanding (CIU).

Bemporad says that an important milestone in his life’s work was the Prague Accord in September 1990 — when Edward Cardinal Cassidy asked the Jewish people to forgive the anti-Judaism perpetrated by the Catholic Church and its followers. He added that the Church wanted to “do teshuvah,” deliberately using the traditional Hebrew idiom for repentance. The Prague Accord was written by Bemporad and subsequently endorsed by Pope John Paul II at the 25th anniversary of Vatican II.

Today, Bemporad is the director of the John Paul II Center at St. Thomas Aquinas University in Rome.

Bemporad said that he was profoundly influenced by the philosopher Herman Cohen, and also by his teachers — Samuel Atlas, Ellis Rivkin, Hans Jonas, and Henry Slominsky, some of the intellectual giants in 20th-century Jewish thinking. He wrote “The Ten Principles of Judaism” as a distillation of what he learned from their encyclopedic minds, principles that he feels embody the essence of Judaism. He wrote the principles on behalf of the Ollendorff Center, which focuses on raising awareness of Jewish issues through education and outreach. The principles — complete with a 20-minute video and study guide — are being studied at many congregations around the United States. (Bemporad’s Ten Principles can be accessed at http://theollendorffcenter.org/principles.html.)

Bemporad said he will continue to stress the need for interfaith dialogue, especially between Jews and Muslims.

“We live in an increasingly interreligious world,” the rabbi said, “where for the most part, nations have given up on forced conversion. In such a multi-faith world, we must work together on our common goals and try to make peace.”

 
 
 
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