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Treasure trove of sacred trash

New book tells tale of an incomparable discovery

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Solomon Schechter, the man whose name graces Conservative day schools in North Jersey and across the country, was something of a scholarly swashbuckler.

The myriad scraps of Hebrew-scrawled documents he hauled out of a dusty crawlspace in an old Cairo synagogue at the end of the 19th century are the subject of “Sacred Trash: The Lost and Found World of the Cairo Geniza,” by the Paterson-born poet Peter Cole (see sidebar) and the biographer Adina Hoffman (Nextbook/Schocken, 2011, $26.95).

Cole and Hoffman, who maintain residences in Jerusalem and New Haven, just wrapped up a North American publicity tour for their book about the 900 years’ worth of sacred texts, letters, poems, wills, marriage contracts, money orders, trousseau lists, prescriptions, petitions, and magic charms discovered in the Ben Ezra Synagogue Geniza (a depository for worn Jewish texts) by a colorful cadre of adventurer/scholars.

Biographer Adina Hoffman and Paterson-born poet Peter Cole collaborated on “Sacred Trash: The Lost and Found World of the Cairo Geniza.”

Schechter was among the first to realize the significance of this treasure trove, dubbed “the Living Sea Scrolls,” which is now being pieced together digitally by Tel Aviv University computer scientists with the aid of advanced facial recognition technology. Schechter’s particular delight were scraps of the apocryphal “Wisdom of Ben Sira” (a/k/a Ecclesiasticus), composed around 200 BCE.

The more than 350,000 fragments are now scattered among 67 collections and libraries from Manchester to Budapest. The bulk are at the Cambridge University Library, “tended to with great care and devotion by the director and staff of the Taylor-Schechter Genizah Research Unit (, who have gone to incredible lengths to preserve and catalogue, and generally study and care for, the collection that Schechter hauled back from Cairo,” Hoffman and Cole wrote in an e-mail to a Jewish Standard reporter during their book tour.

“Peter has spent years translating the Hebrew poetry of Muslim and Christian Spain, and many of these poems were discovered in the Geniza, so that was the initial point of contact. Then, some seven years ago, we happened to be in England and were treated to a tour of the vault where the Geniza materials are held — just a few rows over from the Darwin papers — and he was transfixed by the incredibly vivid manuscripts we were shown there.”

When Nextbook Press invited them to write a book together, the Geniza seemed the perfect choice of topic.

The authors went to Cambridge, Oxford, The Library of the Jewish Theological Seminary in New York, and even to the bare crawlspace of the Ben Ezra Synagogue to research their subject. “We were able to talk our way up there...and we climbed up a ladder and peered inside — but it takes some real imagination to conceive of what once was there,” they said. “Now it’s just a dark, deep, emptied-out closet.”

Hoffman and Cole emphasized that just as important as the research was the writing itself, “the weaving together of the many strands of this tale. That tale includes biographies of...incredible women and men, as well as the remarkable stories of the manuscripts they discovered.”

The finished product, they said, “is a total collaboration, fact by fact and sentence by sentence. We wrote the book we wanted to write and tried our best to convey our fascination, our enthusiasm, and our sense of discovery.”

Hoffman is the author of “House of Windows: Portraits from a Jerusalem Neighborhood” and “My Happiness Bears No Relation to Happiness: A Poet’s Life in the Palestinian Century,” named one of the top 10 biographies of the year by the American Library Association publication Booklist. She is working on a book about “Jerusalem, the British Mandate, beauty, and ugliness.”


More on: Treasure trove of sacred trash


The poet from Paterson

Peter Cole, born in 1957 in Paterson, is the National Jewish Book Award-winning author of three books of his own poems and many volumes of translations of Hebrew and Arabic poetry. “The Poetry of Kabbalah: Mystical Verse from the Jewish Tradition” is forthcoming from Yale University Press.

Cole was not aware of the work of Jerry Nathans of the Jewish Historical Society of North Jersey, who has collected 300 boxes full of documents and paraphernalia now housed at the Barnert Medical Center in Paterson.

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Walling off, reaching out

Teaneck shul offers discussion of Women of the Wall

It is not an understatement to say that the saga of Women of the Wall is a metaphor for much of the struggle between tradition and change in Israel.

Founded 25 years ago by a group of Israeli and non-Israeli women whose religious affiliations ran from Orthodox to Reform, it has been a flashpoint for the fight for pluralism in Israel, as one side would define it, or the obligation to hold onto God-given mandates on the other.

As its members and supporters fought for the right to hold services in the women’s section, raising their voices in prayer, and later to wear tallitot and read from sifrei Torah, and as their opponents grew increasingly violent in response, it came to define questions of synagogue versus state and showcase both the strengths and the flaws of Israel’s extraordinary parliamentary system. It also highlighted rifts between American and Israeli Jews.


Shabbat in the White City

Fair Lawn man aims for Guinness-record dinner in Tel Aviv

Jay Shultz is determined to set a new world record while promoting Tel Aviv — usually cited for its nightlife and startup culture — as a great place to spend Shabbat.

The 37-year-old Fair Lawn native, who has lived in Israel since 2006, has earned a reputation as the “International Mayor of Tel Aviv” after a series of grand-scale initiatives geared at positioning his adopted city as welcoming haven for young professional immigrants.

His latest exploit: Through his popular White City Shabbat program, which offers communal meals for young Israelis and immigrants at local synagogues, Mr. Shultz launched an Indiegogo crowd funding campaign to sponsor the world’s largest Shabbat dinner.


Lighting up Africa

Frisch raises money for solar technology with fashion show

What do the students at a New Jersey Jewish high school and 450,000 residents of rural African villages have in common?

Since 2008, the nonprofit agency called Innovation: Africa — iA — has brought Israeli solar technology to provide clean water, drip irrigation, and refrigeration to villagers in Malawi, Tanzania, Uganda, and Ethiopia. And for the last three years, this UN-award winning program has been a focal point for the Frisch School in Paramus.

An African Encounter Night and Africa-themed fashion show held last month exposed students and parents to iA’s work and raised another $3,300 toward Frisch’s goal of contributing $10,000 to light up a sister school in East Africa using solar panels.

“The fact that Frisch has decided to educate children on wider global issues is remarkable and demonstrates a break from the norm,” said Emma Goldman, Innovation: Africa’s outreach coordinator.



Israel launching drive to void Goldstone Report

WASHINGTON – Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said Israel would launch an international campaign to cancel the Goldstone Report after its author, ex-South African Judge Richard Goldstone, wrote in an Op-Ed in the Washington Post that Israel did not intentionally target civilians as a policy during the Gaza War, withdrawing a critical allegation in the report.

Netanyahu said he had asked his security adviser, Ya’akov Amidror, to establish a committee focused on “minimizing the damage caused” by the report.


Facebook and Zuckerberg does an about-face and deletes Palestinian page calling for a Third Intifada

Following widespread criticism, a Facebook page calling for a third Palestinian intifada against Israel was removed on March 29. On the Facebook page, Palestinians were urged to launch street protests following Friday May 15 and begin an uprising as modelled by similar uprisings in Tunisia, Egypt, Morocco, and Jordan. Killing Jews en masse was emphasized.

According to the Facebook page, “Judgment Day will be brought upon us only once the Muslims have killed all of the Jews.” The page had more than 340,000 fans. However, even while the page was removed, a new page now exists in its place with the same name,  “Third Palestinian Intifada.”


Did heated rhetoric play role in shooting of Giffords?

WASHINGTON – The 8th District in southern Arizona represented by U.S. Rep. Gabrielle Giffords comprises liberal Tucson and its rural hinterlands, which means moderation is a must. But it also means that spirits and tensions run high.

Giffords’ office in Tucson was ransacked in March following her vote for health care reform — a vote the Democrat told reporters that she would cast even if it meant her career. She refused to be cowed, but she also took aim at the hyped rhetoric. She cast the back-and-forth as part of the democratic process.

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