Israel’s African problem
Local activist makes a difference
|Hunger knows no nationality as refugees line up for food in Tel Aviv. Photos courtesy of Good People Fund|
For hundreds of African refugees living in Tel Aviv, a good breakfast starts in northern New Jersey.
For two and a half months, the Milburn-based Good People Fund has been providing the money — $200 a day — to serve breakfast to as many as 500 people in Tel Aviv’s Levinsky Park.
The small fund channels money to small-scale, mostly volunteer charitable projects. For a number of years, the fund had helped the Tel Aviv-based African Refugees Development Center, founded by an Ethiopian political refugee in 2004.
“In February, when the situation got to be sort of critical, we started to raise funds to provide a breakfast,” explains Naomi Eisenberger, the fund’s director and sole employee.
February was when the refugee situation hit the news, after a homeless man froze to death in Levinsky Park. In response, advocates for the migrants protested in front of Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu’s residence with a mock coffin. Advocates said the plight of the African migrants, said to number as many as 50,000, had been aggravated by government policies designed to discourage asylum seekers.
In a partial response, the Tel Aviv municipality quietly installed a shipping container in the park, which sheltered 50 migrants.
Since then, the politics around the Africans has grown only more heated, with prominent politicians warning they are “a cancer” on Israeli society. Some have been beaten or firebombed.
Eisenberg says that “as Americans, we really have no right to judge Israel on what they’re doing. We’re just looking at this from a humanistic point of view. These are hungry people who need to be fed until such a time as the government decides what to do.”
As it happens, one of the fund’s board members was in Tel Aviv this winter. Allen Katzoff, a Boston resident who served as director of Camp Ramah in New England and director of the Center for Adult Jewish Learning at Boston Hebrew College, is a board member of the Good People Fund, and has been living half the year in Tel Aviv while his wife teaches at Bar Ilan University.
It was Katzoff who met the key volunteer who makes the breakfast program possible: Gideon Ben-Ami, a retired restaurateur.
“Gideon is one of these amazing human beings,” says Katzoff, one of the “Good People” the fund was founded to support in their charitable efforts. “He goes around much of every day collecting food from various bakeries and supermarkets, where they’re going to get rid of it, and distributes it to various shelters.”
Ben-Ami had helped out a church group that was helping the refugees, and he told Katzoff that there was a real need to serve breakfast because “these people are sitting around all day long starving until the evening comes.”
So far, the breakfast program has served more than 30,000 meals.
Ben-Ami collects the food. “Without him, there would be nothing,” says Katzoff.
The actual preparation and distribution has been taken over by a small organization of the African refugees, Bnei Darfur. “Both Gideon and I were able to step back,” says Katzoff. “It’s much better if the refugees can do it themselves.”
The menu depends on what is collected.
Sometimes, it is bourekas; sometimes it is leftover pizza (not very popular among the Africans).
“What they really love is bread,” says Katzoff. “We cut it up, serve it as sandwiches with jelly or cream cheese. It fills them up.”
In the winter, they served hot tea. Now, it is an orange drink.
Because most of the meal is donated, the cost of a morning’s breakfast is only 40 cents per meal.
“We’re doing this on a month-to-month basis, as long as our funds hold out,” says Eisenberger. “Our attitude is that we have to leave politics aside. These are hungry people and they’re totally and completely helpless. Someone has to feed them. You can’t let them starve in the middle of Tel Aviv.
“All of us are very aware of the political situation and the volatility of it. Allen Katzoff, who has been spending winters there many years, said to me a while back that this is going to explode, and it has blown up. It’s distressing to see what’s happening.”
|The Good People Fund|
The Good People Fund owes its origin to poet and tzedakah evangelist Danny Siegel. Siegel ran his Ziv Tzedakah Fund for many years, focusing on helping volunteer-run projects with low overhead. Several years ago, he decided to stop the project. But Sharon Eisenberger, who worked for Ziv, saw that the need continued and picked up the reins.
With $750,000 in donations and allocations in 2010, the fund is small by philanthropic standards. This gives it the flexibility, however, to respond quickly to small but important requests. One grant highlighted on its web site was for money to enable two Ethiopian immigrant women, who were ruled Jewish and made aliyah, to remove tattoos of crosses on their faces which impeded their acceptance in Israeli society.
More information, and the opportunity to donate online, is at goodpeoplefund.org.
More on: Israel’s African problem
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State Department faults Israeli government crackdown
In Jerusalem this week, an apartment in which 10 Eritrean refugees were sleeping was set on fire. Two of the refugees were hospitalized.
On the wall of the building was scrawled a Hebrew-language slogan, “Leave the neighborhood.”
This was only the most recent in a series of attacks by Jewish Israelis on African migrants, as hostility toward the refugees has risen in recent months.
This hostility has come as the Israeli government has tightened both laws and rhetoric directed at illegal immigrants from Africa, who number as many as 60,000.
Before launching its breakfast program, The Good People Fund worked with Lasova, Tel Aviv’s main soup kitchen, to provide two days of free breakfast as a pilot project. This is Allen Katzoff’s account of that first morning in February.
It was 6:45 a.m. when I arrived at Levinsky Park in south Tel Aviv, across from the central bus station. I was bundled up in a coat, scarf, ski hat, and gloves, opening and closing my black umbrella every few minutes as the rain started and stopped.
The refugees were just getting up. In the playground shielded by a large tarpaulin stretched high above to offer shade in hot weather, the men were rolling up their blankets and sleeping paraphernalia, stacking it in a big pile under some clear plastic sheeting to keep it dry. When I walked onto the playground I saw the play surface was old and soggy, pitted with large scattered holes. Later I learned that large rats often emerge from those holes at night, sometimes biting the refugees as they sleep.