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A dream come true

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Dr. Solomon Grayzel had a dream.

"American Jewry is slowly waking up to the fact that it can survive only by drawing strength from its spiritual heritage," Grayzel said at a May 17, 1950, meeting of the Jewish Book Council. "In our efforts to create a wider interest in Jewish books, we know full well that we will not bring about a cultural revolution overnight, but we also know that we dare not neglect this work."

Grayzel was editor of the Jewish Publication Society and was retiring as president of the council. He was also a historian and author in his own right, including the nearly 900-page "History of the Jews."

"The past 10 years of our activity," he continued, "have indicated that our message is being heard and that our interpretation is fairly effective." And he added: "But we need more human and material resources; and sooner or later the community will give them to us. It must if the Jews of America are to live up to their challenge and make articulate the eternal spirit of our people."

Grayzel, who died in 1980, would be pleased with what is available on bookshelves today.

Books of Jewish interest long ago even reached the "coffee table book" category — those large, beautifully printed tomes with exquisite photographs and works of art. Most are expensively priced precisely because they are so expensively produced. One of the most recent entries into the field, however, costs only $40 and is a treasure to behold. It is called "The Book of Exodus," and is published by Welcome Books of New York City. The book — the artist Sam Fink’s vision of the second book of the Torah — relies on the Jewish Publication Society’s 1917 translation for its English text. Its Hebrew text is found embedded on beautiful rendered paintings by Fink. This is a work of art that does not need to remain on a coffee table, however. Printed on ‘’"x16" pages, each painting — complete with hand-lettered Hebrew text — can be removed from the book and framed. [Editor’s note: Jewish Book Month begins Nov. 4.]

The Jewish Publication Society is responsible in part for the phenomenal growth in Jewish publications. The JBC and the National Jewish Welfare Board that sponsors it are also responsible in part.

So, too, is the ArtScroll series. These are works that often are beautifully printed and lovingly produced. The only drawback is that the series is geared for an Orthodox audience and, in content, follows a more rigidly Orthodox line than many people, especially the non-Orthodox, will feel comfortable with.

JPS and ArtScroll are the major players, but there are many smaller publishers who either specialize in or who make "Jewish books" a major part of their lists of offerings. A number of them even have ties to our own Bergen-Passaic-Hudson community.

One of the most interesting from a sectarian perspective is Yashar Books, located in Brooklyn and the brainchild of Gil Student, who grew up locally and who graduated from the Solomon Schechter Day School and the Frisch high school. Yashar publishes what it calls "Orthodox Jewish books for the contemporary reader," but the books have a far greater appeal than that.

Yashar tends to be daring in its offerings. Take, for example, "Between the Lines of the Bible," by Yitzchak Etshalom. It is a commentary on the Book of Genesis, but it dares to go where other "Orthodox" commentaries fear to tread — into the world of modern biblical scholarship. It is, in fact, an outgrowth of a small, but growing trend within Orthodox erudition to bring history, archeology, linguistics, and literary criticism to bear on the Torah text.

Yashar also publishes a number of books by Rabbi Natan (Nosson) Slifkin, a brilliant scholar whose works were banned by several prominent haredi rabbis in ‘005. That is because Slifkin dares to suggest that modern science provides a more accurate picture of the universe and all that is in it than the Sages of blessed memory.

Not every author Yashar publishes is Orthodox. One on its list is Rabbi David Feldman, rabbi emeritus of the Jewish Center of Teaneck. His book "Where There’s Life" offers readers "a comprehensive exploration of abortion, euthanasia and the right to die, martyrdom, the mandate to heal, the mind-body connection, embryonic stem cell research, organ transplants — including the controversial questions of heart transplantation," according to Yashar.

Two Teaneck-based publishers are Ben Yehuda Press and Holmes & Meier Publishers.

Ben Yehuda was formed by Eve and Larry Yudelson and delivers books of Jewish interest exclusively. Since ‘005, it has amassed an eclectic list. One of the most unusual is "From the Coffee House of Jewish Dreamers: Poems of Wonder and Wandering," which presents poems on the weekly Torah portions, written by Isidore Century. The volume also contains poems Century wrote over the last four decades that recall his life, from being the child of immigrants during the Depression to his continuing game of hide-and-seek with God.

There are also such titles as "Torah and Company," by Rabbi Judith Abrams; and a novel from Burton L. Visotsky, the Nathan and Janet Appleman chair of Midrash and Interreligious Studies at the Jewish Theological Seminary of America, entitled "A Delightful Compendium of Consolation: A Fabulous Tale of Romance, Adventure and Faith in the Medieval Mediterranean." That one is due out within weeks.

Holmes & Meier specializes in Jewish studies, but publishes other books, as well. It has an impressive list. Among its Jewish offerings are two books dealing with the problems besetting the State of Israel. "From Herzl to Rabin: The Changing Image of Zionism," by Amnon Rubinstein, has a foreword by current Defense Minister Ehud Barak and a preface by the late Rabbi Arthur Hertzberg.

"A Small Place In Galilee: Religion and Social Conflict in an Israeli Village," by Zvi Sobel, offers a penetrating analysis of one of the most difficult problems Israeli society must equitably resolve if it is to continue to survive and flourish.

Then there is "Tropical Synagogues: Short Stories by Jewish-Latin American Writers," edited and with an introduction by Ilan Stavans, a Mexican novelist and critic. The book will open the reader’s eyes to Jewish worlds few realize exist south of the border, including Guatemala, Peru, and Venezuela.

Indeed, Grayzel’s dream has been realized. American Jews have lived "up to their challenge [to] make articulate the eternal spirit of our people."

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Iran and the coming cataclysm

Let’s turn the tables for a moment.

Imagine if Ayatollah Ali Khameini was threatening to murder all blacks in the Middle East. What if he tweeted regularly that people of dark skin are of the devil and must be annihilated. Would the American government be negotiating with him? Or would we face international opprobrium for legitimizing a government with racist, genocidal intent against an identifiable ethnic group.

Or what if he was threatening to murder every fifth woman in the Middle East due to some ritualistic, orgiastic requirement of his demented worldview? Would we be dealing with this man prior to his repudiation of such murderous intent?



In a Jerusalem schoolyard, a bloody rehearsal

It was inevitable from the moment the Mandelbaum Gate was brought down 48 years ago.

The “it” in question is the sacrificing of a lamb by kohanim dressed in supposed priestly garb, complete with the sprinkling of blood on an altar. A crowd of hundreds watched the ceremony, which was conducted in a west Jerusalem schoolyard on the Monday before Passover.

To be sure, the ceremony — said to have been a perfect recreation of the one held in the Temple until it was destroyed 1,945 years ago — was meant as a rehearsal only, to demonstrate that “the priesthood” is prepared to restart the sacrificial cult “the minute the government approves” prayer on the Temple Mount, according to the event’s spokesman, Arnon Segal. Segal told reporters that his group, the Temple Mount Institute in Jerusalem’s Old City, even had a portable altar ready to be set up on the Temple Mount within minutes of a government okay.



Does God really want sacrifices?

Two weeks ago, in discussing the “rehearsal” of the Passover sacrifice put on by a group calling itself the Temple Mount Institute, I quoted Maimonides as saying that God “could do without” sacrifices. I also noted a teaching attributed to “Rabbi Pinchas in the name of Rabbi Levi” that argued that the sacrificial cult was a stopgap measure meant to wean Israel away from pagan practices. (See Leviticus Rabba 22:7-8.)

“In my opinion,” I wrote, such assertions are possible “because sacrifices and other cultic practices were not part of God’s original plan for Israel, and this is provable by the Torah itself.”




Elie Wiesel discusses repentance with Governor Chris Christie

Our annual “Champions of Jewish Values” gala is this week. Elie Wiesel is receiving the once-in-a-generation “Light of the Jewish People” award, presented by Dr. Miriam and Sheldon Adelson, and Governor Chris Christie is delivering one of the keynote addresses. I wanted the two of them, Gov. Christie and Mr. Wiesel, to meet before the dinner.

I have taken many leaders to meet Elie Wiesel. Cory Booker was probably the first, but that stretches back 25 years, to when Cory was president of my student organization, the Oxford L’Chaim Society. When she was nominated as American ambassador to the United Nations, and came under attack from Jewish organizations for implying that Israel is capable of a genocide against the Palestinian people, I took Samantha Power to meet the legendary face of the six million. Three months ago, I took Senator Ted Cruz, who told Prof. Wiesel how his father had been imprisoned in Cuba. Now it was the turn of my own governor and friend.

Political leaders are surrounded by advisors and pollsters. They are instructed to do what’s politically expedient. Much more important, of course, is that leaders meet the great sages of our time, people who can offer a world-historical context to policy.



Let your feet speak

Circumstances being what they are, there is an event occurring next weekend that demands your active participation. Common sense demands it. Practical politics demand it. Jewish law demands it.

The event is the annual Celebrate Israel Parade along Manhattan’s Fifth Avenue.

Among the circumstances is the overarching one: Israel increasingly is being demonized on the world stage. World leaders refuse to acknowledge the realities of the Israel-Palestinian dispute. They prefer to see Israel as the harsh occupier of a helpless people who yearn for peace and freedom.



The plight of black men in America — and why Jews should care

I have been close friends with Senator Cory Booker for nearly a quarter century. When Cory speaks, I take him seriously.

Recently, at a speech to my children’s school, Cory mentioned an astounding statistic: there are more black men currently locked up or under federal or state supervision in America than there were slaves in the United States in 1850. And while the circumstances of course are different, it surely makes you think.


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